HIV is a serious global health problem because, without prevention and treatment, it leads to the destruction of the human immune system and death. HIV is still an incurable disease, but since the detection of this virus, medicine has advanced so far that people with HIV can live long and happy lives. The mainstay of HIV treatment at the onset of symptoms or after infection is antiretroviral therapy, which suppresses the virus.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is an effective solution for people living with HIV. Its principle of work is based on the fact that the components of medicines prevent the multiplication of virus cells, which destroys the immune system (HIV Treatment: The Basics). The virus continues to live in the body, but it does not prevent the immune system from regaining its strengths and fighting infections. The main goal of ART treatment is to reduce the amount of virus in the body to a low enough level so that it does not interfere with the immune system (HIV Treatment: The Basics). In addition, this treatment also eliminates the risk of sexual transmission of HIV, making it possible for people living with HIV to become parents of healthy children. Other remedies for symptoms can also be immunity-boosting agents, such as vitamins and medications aimed directly at the symptoms. However, timely and consistent ART reduces the risk of symptoms as the immune system can cope with them on its own.
In conclusion, the primary treatment for HIV is the use of antiretroviral therapy. Other remedies can be vitamins and anti-infectious medicines, but they only fight the symptoms and do not eliminate the cause of the disease. Early detection of HIV or its symptoms increases the effectiveness of this treatment and allows HIV-positive people to live long and happy lives. Nevertheless, HIV is still an incurable disease, confirming the need to use preventive measures.
“HIV Treatment: The Basics.” HIV.info; NIH.gov, 2021, Web.