The Adaptation Model is noted for its focus on the relationship between the environment and an individual as an interconnected system. Nurses are actively involved in helping patients adapt as the process improves treatment outcomes (Jennings, 2017). One’s job should be to identify the existing adaptation level and positive behaviors, intervene to change defensive mechanisms, and apply the adaptive modes (Jennings, 2017). By following the Adaptation Model, a nurse’s outlook on the profession is likely to change, as it requires having certain assumptions about humanity and the environment. Spirituality plays a vital role in influencing one’s behavior; thus, a professional should mind patients’ values and beliefs while treating them.
The Adaptation Model is based on a set of philosophical, cultural, and scientific assumptions, which define one’s attitude towards humanity and the environment. For instance, a nurse should accept accountability for transforming the world, be self-aware, accept the systematic approach, believe in transformation and potential integration, and mind a cultural perspective (Jennings, 2017). Moreover, one has to share the view on such concepts as individual, health, environment, and nursing (Jennings, 2017). Without adjusting a personal philosophy, it is impossible to help a patient adapt because the technical side is just an extension of the belief in cosmic unity (Jennings, 2017). A nurse can grow by following the Adaptation Model in the following ways: they will respect humanity, learn how to be empathetic, and be nonjudgmental (Roy, 2018). An important basis is a faith and spirituality, as a belief in God can strengthen one’s relationship with nature and serves as a precursor to acknowledging diversity (Jennings, 2017). By accepting Roy’s suggested worldview, a healthcare professional can tend to assist any patient and ensure proper adaptation.
A health specialist’s beliefs are only a part of the treatment process, as the care receiver’s spiritual needs are also crucial. As mentioned previously, spirituality can be a stimulus for one’s adaptive behavior (Roy, 2018). Therefore, it is necessary to help individuals reconnect with God, listen to them, and protect their religious articles (Roy, 2018). A patient’s spiritual crisis, accompanied by a health issue, may hinder any intervention. Thus, resolving by asking them meaningful questions and facilitating benevolent thoughts and feelings is instrumental in continuing treatment (Roy, 2018). Ideally, both parties would be in harmony and value adaptation, but religious differences often occur, causing miscommunication. In such a case, a healthcare specialist should remain nonjudgmental and refer one to a spiritual care specialist, hoping that they will manage to resolve the internal conflict (Roy, 2018). Once the patient’s spiritual needs are addressed, their adaptation level is likely to be positively impacted (Roy, 2018). While employing the adaptive modes, a healthcare professional should focus on biophysical and socio-spiritual characteristics. The adaptation process should benefit both; otherwise, the treatment might not be successful.
The Adaptation Model is highly spiritual in nature, requiring a health specialist to accept a new worldview. Those already connected to God will probably experience fewer difficulties believing the assumptions and reevaluating the core concepts. Regardless, updating one’s philosophy is necessary to influence health outcomes and develop as an individual. Moreover, the Adaptation Model’s assumptions aim to improve the patient’s response to health issues, which is facilitated by a professional who fully accepts the assumptions and understands why adaptation is necessary. They are also likely to be nonjudgmental and prepared to address the care receiver’s spiritual needs, which play an instrumental role in establishing an adaptive behavior. Overall, under the Adaptation Model, spirituality is an essential stimulus that leads to improved health outcomes.
Jennings, K. M. (2017). The Roy Adaptation Model: A theoretical framework for nurses providing care to individuals with anorexia nervosa. Advances in Nursing Science, 40(4), 370–383. Web.
Roy, C. (2018). Spiritualty based on the Roy Adaptation Model for use in practice, teaching and research. Aquichan, 18(4), 393-394. Web.