When it comes to ethical decision-making, the five-step decision-making process can be highly useful. The latter is comprised of five key steps, which include developing a problem statement, identifying alternatives, choosing an alternative, implementing a decision, and evaluating results (Reynolds, 2018). Firstly, the problem statement is as follows:
- An ineffective coworker with the poor performance offered me to give an outstanding review for the annual performance review process in exchange for my positive review for him, which undermines the sole purpose of the review process since ineffective employees will not be identified, hurting the company I work for.
Secondly, there are three options when it comes to decision-making. The first one is to refuse the coworker’s offer and adhere to honesty when it comes to both receiving and delivering peer feedback. The second one is to agree to the coworker’s offer in order to receive a good review from him but provide an honest negative review about him. The third one is to comply with his offer and exchange positive reviews with each other.
Thirdly, the chosen alternative is option number one, which adheres to honesty in both receiving and providing the peer review. The main reason is that the other options are unethical since one involves deceiving the coworker, and the other involves deceiving the company. In both cases, the damage will be done to either the friendly relationship between the coworker and me or the company because it will not be informed about its ineffective employees, which need to be trained or fired.
Lastly, the fourth and fifth steps involve implementation and evaluation. Implementing the decision will be done by offering honest feedback about the coworker if it is required to do so since it is not guaranteed that I will be among the peers reviewing him. In addition, his offer needs to be politely refused. The evaluation cannot be conducted since there is no outcome, but it is evident that I will not participate in damaging the company.
Reynolds, G. (2018). Ethics in information technology (6th ed.). Cengage Learning.