The PICO question format allows healthcare students and professionals to take on specific problems through a focused and well-defined approach. In this research paper, the following PICO question will be discussed: in hospital healthcare personnel, what is the effectiveness of cooperation-focused programs compared with standard self-care practices on the burnout rates reduction? The analysis of this PICO is vital for efficient stress management among healthcare personnel. The issue with burnout rates in hospital nurses is a cause for widespread staff shortages, the decreased quality of care, and numerous expenditures for healthcare facilities (De Oliveira et al., 2019). The goal of the paper is to validate the presented question and define its expected outcomes. The primary objective of this PICO is to establish the most efficient method of stress reduction in comparison with the current most widespread approach.
Burnout is a common problem, yet the solutions vary significantly in their efficiency and suitability for different settings. While self-care may be easier to accommodate within busy work environments and among large groups, it is less efficient against common sources of pressure. Loneliness and isolation in the workplace that stem from constant pressure and dehumanization are some of the most detrimental factors contributing to burnout from stress (DeCaporale-Ryan et al., 2020). Moreover, personal coping mechanisms may be dysfunctional and less suitable for hospitals, especially in environments with high mortality rates and emotional exhaustion (Montgomery et al., 2019). Addressing burnout within a team that shares similar experiences can be a critical point for the transformation of common stress reduction methods. However, commonly shared stress sources are not the only reason for the utilization of a team-based approach. Montgomery et al. (2019) argue that burnout assessments should be conducted primarily on the team level to help with “implementing interventions across work teams or entire departments” (p. 2). It would also be beneficial for hospitals to promote group therapy since it gives an opportunity to create bonds that improve teamwork, as opposed to self-care approaches, such as workload adjustments, that promote absenteeism. The sense of community is the centerpiece of any hospital’s workforce, and it should be used for the benefit of an organization.
There are two expected outcomes stemming from this change in everyday practice. The primary outcome of this intervention is the reduced level of stress among hospital personnel who actively visit group therapy. Workers are reminded that they are not alone, making them feel appreciated and understood by those who find themselves in a similar situation (DeCaporale-Ryan et al., 2020). Staff satisfaction and autonomy will be increased, while turnover intentions will be decreased (Montgomery et al., 2019). The secondary expected outcome is the increased group cohesiveness, as team-based therapy would help workers with socialization that should positively affect workplace communications. Moreover, interoperability and workflow management are expected to be positively affected as well (Montgomery et al., 2019). Overall, employees may rely more on their peers as a source of mental support during stress, creating a positive work environment. In conclusion, the presented PICO should assist healthcare professionals with organizing the most efficient program for stress reduction among hospital personnel. The intention behind this choice is to ensure that the issue will be taken into consideration on an organizational level that would promote teamwork and increase social bonds between nurses. Constant stress can cause emotional breakdowns, and self-care might be insufficient for dealing with these issues, negatively affecting the quality of care.
De Oliveira, S. M., De Alcantara Sousa, L. V., Vieira Gadelha, M. D., & Do Nascimento, V. B. (2019). Prevention actions of burnout syndrome in nurses: An integrating literature review. Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health, 15(1), 64-73. Web.
DeCaporale-Ryan, L., Goodman, J., Simning, A., Press-Ellingham, L., Williams, L., & Hasselberg, M. (2020). Addressing skilled nursing facilities’ COVID-19 psychosocial needs via staff training and a process group intervention. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(8), 894-895. Web.
Montgomery, A., Panagopoulou, E., Esmail, A., Richards, T., & Maslach, C. (2019). Burnout in healthcare: The case for organisational change. BMJ, 2019(366). Web.