The difficulties of mental health range from concerns that people face in daily life to significant long-term illnesses. According to Hunter, “Behavioral health is being used as a generic term to include services for health behavior change like weight loss, substance misuse, behavioral medicine interventions such as chronic pain management, and general mental health services for patient problem presentations such as depression or anxiety” (Hunter at al., 2018). Most people with mental health issues can get through or learn to live with them, mainly if they receive assistance early. However, it can influence their quality of life profoundly. Psychiatric health disorders are generally identified and categorized so that specialists can refer to appropriate therapy and care. However, some of the diagnoses are disputed, and the fact that people are treated too often or defined by their labels is entirely concerned with mental health. Diagnoses are nevertheless the most common technique for grouping symptoms into categories and classifying them.
There has been a minimal influence on the burden of mental health issues due to available treatment techniques. People looked at possible universal, selective, and suggested mental health prevention methods that might lessen or alter anticipated trajectories to less severe effects. Some of these measures also appear cost-effective. The cumulative life effects of several more minor risk variables gradually enhance the sensitivity to mental health problems during the transition to mental health. It may influence varying degrees and stages of customized treatments, particularly during delicate phases of development, to decrease risk and boost protective factors and resilience. There must be a connection between knowledge, policies, and practice. Promoting mental health and enhancing early diagnosis and treatments in clinical sites, schools, and the community with fundamental social and political support should be emphasized in future steps.
Promoting mental health typically means good rather than mental health. The desired result of health promotion activities is positive mental health. However, it is not a widely recognized notion, while the paper discusses the promotion of mental health, its definition, its place within the general concept of promotion of health, and its limits in the prevention of mental illnesses. Because of the lack of mental health, the definition of mental health must be redefined from good psychiatric health in diverse settings and cultures to correspond to the definition of health. Strategies to promote mental health connect rather than improve symptoms and deficiencies to enhance life quality and possibilities for health. These should not be seen as tertiary preventive methods but rather as the most beneficial development of mental health.
Prevention of psychological health is commonly used for mental health initiatives before they arise. However, it is essential to highlight that it may also help persons with and without mental health problems stay healthy. According to Vogel, “there is a significant need for more sophisticated multi-level scientific methodologies to fill in the gaps in current knowledge of integrated primary care” (Vogel et al., 2017). In addition, several preventive methods may be used simultaneously to safeguard communities and provide focused support to the most vulnerable. It is necessary to create a model for treating mental diseases to understand the situation from the inside.
One model which combines biological, psychological, social, and environmental aspects should be focused on. Social science, biologics, and neurology have offered a substantive understanding of the involvement of risk and protective variables in the developmental paths to mental and mental illnesses. Physical, mental, social, and social risk and protective variables were discovered, and their interactions were found throughout life, as early as prenatal development.
The necessity for integrated public health strategies, the targeting of associated clusters, shared drivers, early stages of cross-problem trajectories, and populations at various risks are highly co-morbid among mental health conditions and their interrelationship with physical disease and social problems. Priority should be placed on preventative programs and policies which demonstrate scientific efficacy on ethical grounds and the optimum use of limited prevention resources. However, it is a gradual effort to establish an evidentiary basis. It should thus be culturally aware and employ various methods of study. There has been unfair worldwide distribution of current opportunities to avoid mental illnesses and promote mental wellness. In order to decrease this gap and help poor-income nations, people need international initiatives to create preventative knowledge, skills, policies, and actions that respond to their needs, cultures, conditions, and possibilities.
The results of population size can only be anticipated when appropriate resources are spent in human and financial terms. According to Ebert, “Preventive interventions can be classified as universal interventions, directed at the whole population; selective interventions, directed at individuals with specific risk factors for the development of a mental health disorder” (Ebert et al., 2017). Financial aid for implementing preventative programs and policies based on evidence and infrastructure development should thus be given. In addition, mental illness prevention and mental health advocacy should be essential components of local and national policy for public health and health promotion.
Mental health prevention and promotion should be included in public policies that involve horizontal action in diverse public sectors, such as the environment, housing, social welfare, employment, education, criminal justice, and human rights. According to Compton and Shim, “Primary prevention occurs before any evidence of disease and aims to reduce or eliminate causal risk factors, prevent the onset, and thus reduce the incidence of the disease” (Compton & Shim, 2020). In addition, the genesis of psychiatric illness and the development of mental illnesses are significantly influenced by adverse situations such as child abuse, force, war, prejudice, poverty, or lack of access to education. Therefore, programs and attitudes that enhance essential human rights protection are a practical preventative approach to mental illnesses.
The widespread availability of efficient programs and policies would offer countries and populations a range of preventative instruments to deal with mental health problems. Therefore, an accessible and integrated system of worldwide and national databases must be developed to offer governmental and non-governmental entities the information, results, and prerequisites for efficient participation in decision-making-based programs and policies. In addition, mental health prevention and promotion should be included in public policies that involve horizontal action in diverse public sectors, such as the environment, housing, social welfare, employment, education, criminal justice, and human rights. The results of population size can only be anticipated when appropriate resources are spent in human and financial terms. Financial aid for implementing preventative programs and policies based on evidence and infrastructure development should thus be given. Social science, biologics, and neurology have offered a substantive understanding of the involvement of risk and protective variables in the developmental paths to mental and mental illnesses. Physical, mental, social, and social risk and protective variables were discovered, and their interactions were found throughout life, as early as prenatal development.
Compton, M. T., & Shim, R. S. (2020). Mental illness prevention and mental health promotion: When who, and how. Psychiatric services, 71(9), 981-983.
Ebert, D. D., Cuijpers, P., Muñoz, R. F., & Baumeister, H. (2017). Prevention of mental health disorders using internet-and mobile-based interventions: A narrative review and recommendations for future research. Frontiers in psychiatry, 8, 116.
Hunter, C. L., Funderburk, J. S., Polaha, J., Bauman, D., Goodie, J. L., & Hunter, C. M. (2018). Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model research: Current state of the science and a call to action. Journal of clinical psychology in medical settings, 25(2), 127-156.
Vogel, M. E., Kanzler, K. E., Aikens, J. E., & Goodie, J. L. (2017). Integration of behavioral health and primary care: Current knowledge and future directions. Journal of behavioral medicine, 40(1), 69-84.