It is a commonly accepted fact that privilege and oppression are existing and influential phenomena in today’s global community, and the Western one is no exception. McIntosh’s article was one of the academic flagships that widely spread awareness of these things among scholars, amateurs, and unrelated circles. The particular value of her work, especially for white and male readers, lies in its descriptive nature, as her paper is a detailed depiction of the process of self-realization of a privileged societal position, which everyone can apply to themselves (McIntosh, 1989). For social scientists, its worth is in the provided mental framework for the sociological analysis of the relationship between dominant and discriminating groups.
Explicit awareness of being a person with the privilege of belonging to the oppressive system in the counselor, both in the therapist and in the client, is significant because it reveals a whole field of previously hidden and untreated societal connections and factors. For example, it reduces hypo cognition in the communication and interaction of male individuals with other gender groups, which enhances empathy and mutual understanding (Wu & Dunning, 2020). It also provides counseling specialists with an opportunity to turn the existing preferential treatment away from the white and male communities toward discriminated ones (Schwiter et al., 2021). As long as phenomena of gender and societal privileges and oppression are widely perceived and recognized, there is a chance for a paradigm shift within the discipline.
Practical help, therapy, and treatment are vital to suicidal individuals. It is the professional duty of therapists to seek these in all available disciplines and theoretical models, such as social justice. I would provide Brandon with multifaceted training that would include institutions and areas such as “psychology, social work, counseling, psychiatry, and public health, as well as in the area of public policy” based on his societal intersections (Westefeld, 2020, p. 73). Giving him links to support organizations on social media that focus on individuals with similar identity patterns, such as the Trevor Project, would also be helpful thing (Hope for young LGBTQ lives starts here, n.d.). I would also advise him to avoid digital sources of bullying.
Hope for young LGBTQ lives starts here. (n.d.). The Trevor Project.
McIntosh, P. (1989). White privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack. Peace and Freedom Magazine, 10-12.
Schwiter, K., Nentwich, J., & Keller, M. (2021). Male privilege revisited: How men in female‐dominated occupations notice and actively reframe privilege. Gender, Work & Organization, 28(6), 2199-2215. doi:10.1111/gwao.12731
Westefeld, J. S. (2020). Suicide prevention: An issue of social justice. Journal of Prevention and Health Promotion, 1(1), 58-79.
Wu, K., & Dunning, D. (2020). Hypocognition and the invisibility of social privilege. Advances in Group Processes, 37, 1-23. doi:10.1108/S0882-614520200000037001