An electronic medical record (EMR) should not be confused with electronic health record (EHR) systems. However, both methods have the same application and capabilities. The EMR and EHR are automated versions of a patient’s medical history, including prior treatment and primary health data. The vast advantage of these systems is that they also involve special notes on treatment, diagnoses, prescriptions, vaccinations, and laboratory data.
The primary purpose of the electronic health record and electronic medical record is to simplify the doctor’s work and provide complete information about the patient’s health to withdraw medical errors. However, there are also negative aspects of the introduction of these systems. The complex interface of the programs requires a lot of time to enter data. In this way, physicians spend less time communicating with the sufferer (Heart et al., 2017). This contributes to decreased job satisfaction, increased stress, and reduced quality of patient care.
Nevertheless, in the electronic health record, is a danger that if one doctor executed a mistake when filling in the patient’s data, this error would be repeated by other specialists. For example, in a psychiatric hospital, a mechanical mistake by the doctor who enters the dose of the drug can injure the patient’s health. However, periodic technical inspections are required to ensure the safe use of the system. As failures in the process that issue alerts about the adverse interactions of new drugs with those already prescribed can affect treatment (Heart et al., 2017). Especially in a psychiatric hospital, it is essential to follow the rules of drug compatibility because most of them have an impact on the mental state of the sufferer.
Electronic health records are focused on general health and should be used by all physicians who provide services to the patient. As for the electronic medical record, it is managed by only one doctor (Heart et al., 2017). Thus, when working in the EMR, the physician can correct his mistakes and enter the correct data into the system. If a patient moves or chooses another hospital, the records will not be used. Thus, in this method, there is no possibility of medical error based on incorrect data.
Heart, T., Ben-Assuli, O., & Shabtai, I. (2017). A review of PHR, EMR and EHR integration: A more personalized healthcare and public health policy. Health Policy and Technology, 6(1), 20-25.