Every day, everyone can face the antisocial behavior of other people. Examples of antisocial behavior in everyday life are parking in the wrong place, violating traffic rules, ignoring the queue, and in general, selfishness towards others. However, the clinical picture of antisocial disorder looks more serious. A person suffering from it can commit a serious crime and not feel the slightest sense of guilt. Usually, a person automatically adapts to society and its laws. With an antisocial disorder, this ability to adapt is absent. The individuals put themselves in an anti-position and act against humanity. Although antisocial personality disorder is a mental deviation, people with this disease should be held responsible for the crimes.
It is not right to leave unpunished a person who has such a mental deviation as an antisocial personality disorder. Gedeon, Parry, and Völlm (2019) state that people with personality disorders make everyone they make everyone around them suffer. To protect society from mentally ill people, they must undergo compulsory treatment in specialized clinics. Some people are ready to deny that they need the help of specialists, but when committing a crime, they can report that this crime was committed unintentionally. That is, to explain this by the presence of a mental deviation.
People who have caused damage to someone’s health or committed a more serious crime can pretend that they have an antisocial personality disorder. Instead of a fundamental term in prison, such people receive a judge’s verdict on compulsory treatment in a psychiatric clinic. Naturally, such a solution is not much better, but many will still prefer it to prison. This disease was sought to be cured for a long time, but unfortunately, no options for a full recovery were found (Tuck & Glenn, 2020). To avoid the possibility that people with antisocial personality disorder, it is necessary to take decisive measures to limit their contact with the public. These measures are necessary because people with mental illnesses can cause great damage to the health of ordinary people.
Psychopathy is the inadequate development of emotionally strong-willed traits of a person’s character, and it is an extreme manifestation of any side of the personality. This disease is more severe and condemned by the court than an antisocial personality disorder. Tiihonen et al. (2020) claim that a psychopath is an extreme form of antisocial behavior, the prevalence of which is about 1% among the general population and 10-30% among incarcerated criminal offenders.
People with a diagnosis of psychopathy do not have fear, due to which they are calmly ready to commit crimes. Usually, the diagnosis of psychopathy corresponds to a specific brain disease, which can influence the court’s decision concerning the criminal. Still, people with mental disabilities cannot be justified even though it is not ethical. They cause damage to health, and they can take lives, and break the lives of many people. At the same time, they will remain completely unpunished, which is unfair. Some people have such a trait as psychopathy, and they cannot sympathize and are not afraid to cause damage to their victims. Such people can be guilty, as they cause moral and physical pain to others.
In conclusion, antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy are severe mental deviations from the norm. These diseases make people more fearless, and often they can go unpunished for the crimes committed. Such a decision is not correct because these people save a severe crime by taking another person’s life, and there is no decent explanation for why they should not be held responsible for such actions. To reduce the number of crimes committed by people with mental disabilities, it is necessary to carefully examine each child born for the presence of brain damage. This is important because often, problems with the brain provoke the appearance of mental illnesses. As for adults with mental disabilities, it is necessary to keep them in a particular institution and deal with their treatment.
Gedeon, T., Parry, J. & Völlm, B. (2019). The role of oxytocin in antisocial personality disorders: A systematic review of the literature. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10(76), 1-15. Web.
Tiihonen, J., Koskuvi, M., Lähteenvuo, M., Virtanen, P., Ojansuu, I., Vaurio, O., Gao, Y., Hyötyläinen, I., Puttonen, K., Repo-Tiihonen, E., Paunio, T., Rautiainen, M., Tyni, S., Koistinaho, J. & Lehtonen, Š. (2020). Neurobiological roots of psychopathy. Molecular Psychiatry, 25(1), 3432-3441. Web.
Tuck, N. & Glenn, L. (2020). Cultivating conscience: Moral neurohabilitation of adolescents and young adults with conduct and/or antisocial personality disorders. Bioethics, 35(4), 337-347. Web.